Efficacy Testing

Compressed sodium chloride has undergone extensive efficacy testing.

One of the many attributes that sets Outbreaker apart from other antimicrobial surfaces is the speed of bacterial reduction. Therefore, we tested at 1 minute and 5 minute intervals to replicate a real world scenario where surfaces are touched on a minute-to-minute basis and not every 2+ hours.

*As compared to a stainless steel surface

How CSC Works


Salt kills microorganisms in three main ways: Recrystallization, Dehydration and Denaturation.


When a pathogen lands on CSC, it is typically in some kind of wet droplet, which dissolves a tiny amount of salt. As this droplet rapidly dries, the salt recrystallizes, tearing the pathogen apart. This process is very effective at eliminating microorganisms. Read more about the process of how sodium chloride inactivates viruses through Recrystallizing in this Nature article.


Dehydration can affect anything that relies on water, which is pretty much every germ and harmful pathogen.  When these microorganisms get close to a very salty environment such as Outbreaker, water is drawn out of their cells and into the salty environment by a process called osmosis. For more information on dehydration due to osmosis, see this video.




Denaturation is the process of changing the shape of the proteins in the microorganism.  ​Proteins need to be folded in precisely the correct shape, or conformation, in order to do their job. Salt can interfere with the forces that hold the molecules in the right shape, causing them to unfold, and become ineffective. For more information on proteins, see this video.

Funding and Support

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